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Journal number 4 ∘ Paata KoguashviliNikoloz Chikhladze
“Dont Lose Life in a Rural areas, You Will destroythe City”

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Peasants are one of the powerful tools of preserving the nation's identity. Peasants are often regarded simply as agricultural producers, but their role goes beyond these frameworks. Peasants, especially in Georgia, cannot be seen as a means to an end - they should only be seen as an end.

The Georgian village has been severely depleted due to poor social-economic (including agricultural and rural development) policies implemented in recent years. Under such conditions, it is virtually impossible to stop the increased migration of the population from the villages, to get out of the agrarian crisis, and to develop them without proper safeguards and external support.

Only real systemic employment and complex measures can be achieved through real employment in rural areas and a relatively short period of socio-economic development. One of them is the promotion of entrepreneurial activity of human resources.

As a rule, functions that are not provided with self-regulatory market leverage should be regulated by the state. International risk practice confirms that the field of agro-production, under the auspices of the state and financed on the basis of targeted programs, creates the conditions for sustainable development of farms and their cooperative associations. The state implements this project only on the basis of systematic and complex approaches, which implies that the program should cover the whole system of specific agricultural production.

World experience confirms that entrepreneurial activation of labor resources is best achieved by developing a cooperative movement in rural areas. This process was carried out with the active coordinating, organizing and supporting role of the state everywhere.

"Rural development" is a broader concept than "Agricultural development". Its purpose is to reduce the socio-cultural differences between the village and the city, which is crucial for increasing rural population retention and agribusiness production.

This task, of course, will not be accomplished by itself. To this end, it is advisable to consider and elaborate:

1. Georgia's main goal and target in the field of agriculture, which, in our opinion, can be in two directions:

The first is the maintenance and development of the village as a territorial unit (this includes the protection of cultural and wildlife landscapes) and the second, the establishment of a food security structure for agriculture.

2. Principally a new agricultural policy and a targeted strategy for agri-food sector development (which includes vision, system, structure, strategy, tactics, staff training) that will address all problems which, in the final report is linked to, improved socio-economic conditions in rural areas and increased agrarian labor motivation.

Rural development is a multidimensional, multilevel, participatory process involving a wide range of stakeholders and this indicates its complexity, so there is no clearly bounded paradigm in this topic.

Naturally, the socio-cultural and economic situation of the rural population will largely depend on the economic (including agrarian) and rural development policy implemented in the country, land consolidation, stimulation of community co-operation, development of rural industrial and social infrastructure and other necessary projects (m. Sp tsializebuli agrosakredito cooperative system on).

Rural development involves: determining the status of the village and community, establishing self-governance in the village, institutional and infrastructural arrangement, establishing community-owned rural areas. The community shall have in possession and use of all natural resources within the territory of the village, except those of state importance.

Village rightless and therefore free from obligations that has not even legally elected its administrative body is de jure and de facto deprived of its own estate: rural living space - community land (at least grazing and mowing, but not only), community forest, water, other natural resources of local importance, agricultural infrastructure of common use and so forth which must be in the ownership and use of the community in most cases it is not even municipal property.

 First of all, the village administrative body should be restored in the village, which will be an effective tool for participation and involvement of the rural community in the municipal self-government. It should be emphasized that, by enlarging local self-government, its “putting” at municipal (former district) level, it was not only possible to "attain" it, but it was necessary to maintain the primary administrative level of participation of citizens and communities in the village, not as the actual abolition of this primary administrative level but its strengthening;

Successful initial experience in designing tools for community engagement is already in place in Georgia, with the creation and development of community centers in villages. It is a high-tech office staffed by state-of-the-art information and communication systems  emplying state and municipal services; But it is not just a service office, but - more importantly, it is a community office itself, a powerful tool for carrying out any activity: it enables direct, involvement and participation in municipal governance.

There are currently about 50 such centers operating in the sea, as there are more than 4,000 villages and about 1,000 municipal administrative units in the country.

The village is, after all, a territorial unit (estate), not a farm. The main objective of rural development is to approximate the present (socio-cultural) status of the rural population to the status of the urban population, which is crucial for the maintenance and development of human resources in rural areas and thus crucial for the enhanced reproduction of agriculture and agri-food production.

The village is being evacuated as an outgrowth of the territorial and social unit of the village, ie mass migration of the population is threatened. If the current negative trends were maintained, in a short time, we would no longer have the patronage of the village, but even the village itself.