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Journal number 2 ∘ Revaz Gvelesiani
Relationship of social market economic conception towards the main social values

 Expanded summary 

Conception of economic policy may be defined as general frame-conditions of economic policy activity, its basis and indicator. When such conception is based on rationality principle, it is well realized and steady system of general and dimensional aims. It includes principles of discipline policy as well, compatible and conformal means towards the aim. Conception of economic policy simplifies making of rational economic-political decisions and gives opportunity to choose opportunities of activity in advance.

Economic discipline, which is the basis of the conception, is not an own goal. It is the reflection of the main point of view existing in the society. We have to realize two aspects of the market subjected to regulation, based on this, from which one is related to management of coordinated system, and the second means establishment of the fact how management of economic-political events is possible. Making of a decision depends on how individual freedom and justness is defined with economic aspect. When the accent is made on subjective perception regarding keeping of social status and justness, then market coordination and private property autonomy, based on it, needs limitation and correction. But if the accent is made on success and on the ability of an individual to appropriate amendments introducing progress, then existence of material stimulus, together with high level of subjective autonomy, is necessary. Their distribution is to be led by fully different, but supportable and permissible results for everyone.

Ensuring of long-term political consensus is necessary for the conception to perform its task and to become hard and durable basis of economic policy activity. It has to stipulate that the economics is a structural circle of the whole system and there in its aims, is part of more dimensional social aims. Separation of the conception and actual policy is possible under influence of certain circumstances, despite the effort of the executor of economic policy. The concept, as the indicator of practical aims, does not lose its importance. If we refuse it, the following question will arise: by what can we replace it in order to prevent danger of unadvised interventions? There is no lack of models, drawing perfect condition of humans’ cohabitation, in world thinking. Such utopias gave impulses to all encompassing public changes during centuries. Utopian theories, representing perfect countries, are different from economic policy conception with its uncompromising character and by the fact that its scientific control is impossible.

The main difficulty of utopian model of the society development is lack of technologies dominating in societies. Crushing of experience shackles is tried in utopias and the facts are represented, implementation of which is not performed yet. It is to be mentioned that lack of technologies is not related only to projects of utopian societies. Utopias say nothing about the fact how moving of the society of the period, given in the history, into future society is to be done technologically.

Conception of social market economics is an attempt to formulate certain type of regulative market economics in the view of economic discipline policy. Relation of the conception to the main public values is demonstrated in the fact that the power of making decision while performance of individual liberty in the sphere of economics is transferred to private individuals; Control of results of free competition, first of all, serves to the task of insurance of justness, as conditions equally permissible to everyone;

Promoting economic safety means taking care about living conditions of an individual as well, that is performed by means of accumulation of property and ensuring social safety; Market coordination promotes the progress, which flows in the form of competition based on controlled prices. It is clear that economic increase for settlement of conflicts between liberty and justness, as well as between safety and progress, creates better conditions.