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Journal number 4 ∘ Tengiz Kavtaradze

Expanded Summary

The innovative activity is the priority direction of the country's development, successful implementation of which is to overcome the economic backwardness and filling the market with different kinds of competitive products of its own production. In competitiveness research it is intended to elaborate the theoretical foundations of the clusters concept and their role in regional competitiveness. Regional competitiveness mechanism and the role of clusters in regional competitiveness are less studied in modern practice. Clusters should be reviewed according to various conceptual approaches: innovative process, social capital and economic geography.

The geographical scale of the cluster may vary according to the city, region, country to according  neighboring countries. Cluster can be formed in different forms: Financial institutions engaged in manufacturing or serving of finished products and others. Cluster politics is usually done in the framework of the liberal and conducting models. These two models are characterized by the following principal features: Liberal cluster policy is designed to form clusters of market impacts, and the selection model for clerical modeling takes place at the state level, considering sectoral and regional priorities. The conducting policy determines the volume of the region and its funding for cluster. The main followers of the liberal cluster policy are the US, Canada, Great Britain; Directionalist - France, Finland, Japan, Korea, Sweden.

Clusters typically combine different sizes of enterprises whose ownership motivation is quite different. This factor in the US innovative agriculture  is paid attention. The form of close cooperation for many SMEs may be unacceptable. Private enterprises are based on individuality and obilety, so their owners are not ready to work closely with rivals, suppliers or clients. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to establish a high level of strategic thinking of private enterprise owners (management). They should decide on two main issues: what level of co-operation is not ready and what results are expected from this cooperation. There can be weak motivation to enter clusters, as well as large enterprises with well-developed connections, because the main thing is to get profit for them. Work with small and medium enterprises will be associated with additional expenses. For the development of regional competitiveness, for the development of small business integration in stronger economic structures, it is advisable to use different forms of integration. In order to  increase regional competitiveness in the US agriculture, there is an opportunity to integrate profitable industrial enterprises with different fields of agriculture and cultures.

It is impossible to develop clusterization as a regional competitiveness without the functioning of the interconnected market relations infrastructure. It is necessary to create and implement the whole system of stimulating support for business development at the state and regional level. Identify the priority directions for securing the country's and regional sectors' specificities.

The Imereti Agrarian sector has a great potential for development, with the potential for effective use of regional agricultural clusters. In Cluster, on the one hand it should be combined with competition and on the other hand, close cooperation and collegiality of all subjects. In this regard, there is a generalization of the US Cluster Regional Comunicability Expert in Georgia. For example, it would be better if the United States would be the largest oil monopolies and flagship chemicals in the household chemistry, if they were able to enter into the cluster of large profits of the Imereti region by making clusters of mutually beneficial conditions: viticulture, horticulture, breeding and other farming farms.

For the purpose of solving this problem, to develop regional competitiveness of clustering, different forms of integration must be given special attention to the use of franchising and the creation of business incubators. By using them, businesses will be guaranteed for joint ventures, including the possibility of exchanging foreign markets. Thus, clusterization in the agriculture innovation systems of the regions is a real way of development of regional competitiveness. Therefore, the leadership of Imereti region should pay attention to it.