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Journal number 2 ∘ Salome Silagadze
Tertiary Education and Migration: Some Aspects of Youth Migration

Expanded Summary

The outflow of young talent is not an economic, but a social problem as well as the fututr development of a country may be hindered. For a developing country like Georgia it is extremely important to  have a self-actualized youth. Hence, observing and studying some aspects of the youth migration is a safe mean of acknowledging our problems and developing ways to battle the interruption of  further expansion.

Due to the importance of the subject the article discusses some of the relevant recent researches and statistical data that have been  published by various international institutions and economic scientists.

According to the  study conducted by the United Nations, in 2016 there were 4.854 million international students  registered around the world. The mentioned figure was equal to only the was about 3.961 million in 2011 [UNESCO, 2018] . Migrating in order to recieve education is especially alluring to young people who live in developing countries, where diploma and education do not equal to having a successful professional advancement.

International organizations and prominent universities, are mostly located in the developed countries. The goal of these educational communities is to attract the paramount talents and to develop youngsters into skilled professionals. The talent search is supported by the extensive selection process comprised of aptitude (such as SAT, GMAT, GRE) and even personality determination tests (to conclude if the candidate has the personality ideals fit to the institutes' standards) .

Exchange programs such as Erasmus, may also be viewed as migration supporters. It has been estimated that by 2013 3.3 million students have taken part in the program [Euro Commission, 2013].

Social media also contributes to the youth movement process, as an interested party may find a compatriot, who lives in a developed country and can inquire the procedures  needed to live and study abroad. Additionally, the web has given emigrants the ability to contact their family and close friends any instant. Hence, the distance is no longer a barrier for any person who wants to live abroad. 

According to a study conducted by International Institute of Education (project Atlas)  in 2018, most of the student migrants are selected in countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, China, Australia, France and Canada. Subsequently the mentioned  nations also hold the majority of emigrants, that live all over the world.

Once selecting a destination, the young migrants do not only focus on finding good universities, they also pay attention if the country has any historic, cultural or moreover, language similarities  to their home country. As it is much easier psychologically to assimilate in a similar culture than a distant one.

Finally, it can be concluded that migration due to education is an increasing trend all over the world. Hence, additional attention must be paid by the development country to the aspects of youth employment and quality of education since most of the students leave to developed countries with prominent educational institutions.